Apologetics: Foundational

Detailed information about the 2019 Forum is not yet available but will be posted in the future. Please review the information from the 2018 Forum for a look at the quality of instructors, teaching, and content that will be available in the 2019 Forum's Networks.

2018 European Apologetics Network: Foundational Track

The words apologist and apologetics come from the Greek word apologia, which means to defend or to convince and persuade. So when Peter writes, “Always be prepared to give a defense (apologia) for the hope that is within you,” he is teaching that Christians must be willing and able to communicate the Gospel persuasively to their neighbours.

Europe today is in great need of gifted persuasive evangelists who, like the Apostle Paul, can demonstrate that Christianity is true and relevant. The Forum's Apologetics Network Foundational Track is designed to train, mentor, and resource Christians so they can effectively demonstrate that Christian beliefs are reasonable, true, and relevant for the 21st century. This track provides the vision and strategy for a renaissance of apologetics in Europe today.

Applicants should be those with evangelistic or apologetic gifts who have NOT attended the European Leadership Forum Apologetics Network in previous years. The purpose of the Network is to train, mentor, equip, and resource those evangelists and apologists who are seeking to communicate the Gospel in their local communities. This Network will be led by John Kirkpatrick. Also speaking in this Network are Lars Dahle, Stefan Gustavsson, and Peter S. Williams. Prior preparation will be set for all applicants.



John Kirkpatrick has been the pastor in Portrush Presbyterian Church for the last 21 years. This church is situated on the North Coast of Ireland very close to the famous world heritage site, 'Giants Causeway.’ John is the director of the apologetics course Reality316 aimed at equipping a wide range of people to be relevant apologists. For a number of years he served as Chairman of New Horizon, a well-known Christian conference in Ireland and has been a chaplain to the Motorcycle Racing community, quite unique to the Irish culture. John is married to Joan and they have four children, three of whom are now married. 



Stefan Gustavsson is a member of the European Leadership Forum Steering Committee. He is the director for Apologia – Centre for Christian Apologetics and makes his home in Stockholm. He was the founding General Secretary for the Swedish Evangelical Alliance. Stefan travels widely with apologetic teaching and training and is often involved in university evangelism and public debates. He is the author of several books on Christian apologetics and the Christian mind. Stefan is married to Ingrid and they have three grown children.


Lars Dahle is a theologian, educator, preacher, and apologist. Having a long previous experience in various academic leadership roles, he now works as Associate Professor in Systematic Theology and Christian Apologetics at Gimlekollen School of Journalism and Communication (NLA Kristiansand), where he has lectured in worldviews, ethics, and apologetics since 1991. Lars wrote his PhD on Acts 17:16-34. It is entitled An Apologetic Model Then and Now? (Open University, UK). Since 2013, he is also the Lausanne Catalyst for Media Engagement. Lars has written several academic and popular articles on apologetics, media engagement and missiology and was a co-editor of The Lausanne Movement: A Range of Perspectives (Oxford: Regnum, 2014). He is also the Founding Editor of the peer-reviewed Nordic apologetic journal Theofilos. In addition, Lars co-leads the European Leadership Forum Media Communicators Network with his wife, Margunn. Follow Lars on his blog Media Messages Matter or on his Twitter account @LarsDahle.


Paul Copan (Ph.D. Philosophy, Marquette University) is the Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics at Palm Beach Atlantic University, West Palm Beach, Florida. For six years, he served as president of the Evangelical Philosophical Society.  He is author and editor of over thirty books, including works such as The Rationality of TheismThe Routledge Companion to Philosophy of ReligionCreation out of Nothing, Philosophy of Religion: Classic and Contemporary Issues, The Zondervan Dictionary of Christianity and ScienceA Little Book for New Philosophers, and The Cosmological Argument (a two-volume anthology). He has also contributed essays to over thirty books, both scholarly and popular, and has authored a number of articles in professional journals. In 2017, he was a Visiting Scholar at Oxford University. Paul and his wife, Jacqueline, have six children, and they reside in West Palm Beach, Florida. His website is www.paulcopan.com.


Peter S. Williams (www.peterswilliams.com) studied philosophy at Cardiff University (BA), Sheffield University (MA), and the University of East Anglia in Norwich (MPhil). Peter is Assistant Professor in Communication and Worldviews at Gimlekollen School of Journalism and Communication, NLA University, Norway. His publications include A Sceptic’s Guide to Atheism (Paternoster, 2009), Understanding Jesus: Five Ways to Spiritual Enlightenment (Paternoster, 2011), C.S. Lewis vs. the New Atheists (Paternoster, 2013), A Faithful Guide to Philosophy (Paternoster, 2013) and Getting at Jesus: A Comprehensive Critique of Neo-Atheist Nonsense About the Jesus of History (Wypf & Stock, 2018).



Day 1

The Vision and Strategy of the Apologetics Network
John Kirkpatrick

This session will provide participants with a basic overview of the Apologetics Network. It will present the biblical basis for apologetics, briefly explore the pressing need for a strong apologetics movement in Europe, discuss the Forum’s vision for creating and sustaining such a movement, and provide illustrations of how the Forum is currently working to make this vision a reality both at the annual Forum conference and throughout the year.


The Lordship of Christ Over All of Life: How We Use Our Minds
Stefan Gustavsson

No one who is a believer would consciously deny the full Lordship of Jesus Christ. There are, however, a number of ways we inadvertently diminish His Lordship. This talk explores how a diminished Lordship impacts the way we use our minds as believers. A strong foundation for apologetics must begin with an acknowledgment of Christ's full Lordship. How ought this impact the way we think?

Day 2

Paul in Athens (Acts 17)
Lars Dahle

Despite its prominence historically, apologetics is seen as controversial in many Christian circles. Where and when it is practised, contemporary apologetics is often characterised by a neglect of biblical foundations and models. Through discussion of an article written by the speaker, this session seeks to identify, explore, and apply such key biblical material. The focus will be on Acts 17:16-34 as a relevant case study.


God's Wisdom and the Foolishness of the Cross (1 Corinthians)
Stefan Gustavsson

Paul’s famous words in 1 Corinthians about the foolishness of the cross and his decision to preach the cross, but not with wisdom, have often been misinterpreted. For many they stand as evidence of a strong anti-intellectual strand in Paul’s thinking and a clear reason for us to neglect apologetics and instead focus on other issues. In this session we will analyze Paul’s understanding of wisdom and foolishness as we look at four particular issues: (1) Paul’s thinking when he started the church in Corinth, (2) Paul's thinking when he wrote to the church in Corinth, (3) the cultural context of the church in Corinth, and (4) Paul’s message in his first letter to the church in Corinth.

Day 3

Jesus as Apologist
Stefan Gustavsson

Jesus was a preacher, healer…and an apologist! Based on an article written by the speaker, this session will explore the role of apologetics in Jesus’ ministry by examining John 5, a passage which provides an excellent example of how Jesus related to the questions and objections of his contemporaries. It will conclude with a discussion of how Jesus’ model of apologetic engagement can and should mould and shape the modern apologetic task.


Integrated Apologetics: Defending the Gospel in the Marketplace of Ideas
Paul Copan

As we engage in apologetics, we must understand what the task of apologetics involves, which includes being aware of misunderstandings and confusions about apologetics and worldviews. Also, we should—with the Lord’s help--make use of all the resources available for a robust, persuasive case for the Christian faith. These include affirmations from our philosophical opponents as well as resources from the aesthetic, existential, scientific, historical, and autobiographical.

Day 4

Defending Early High Christology with Archaeology and New Testament Letters
Peter S. Williams

In this session, philosopher and apologist Peter S. Williams will critique the claim that belief in Jesus' divinity was a late development detached from the historical Jesus. In response to proponents of a late high Christology such as Dan Brown (in his novel The Da Vinci Code) and John Loftus, we will draw upon fascinating archaeological discoveries as well as key passages in the New Testament letters. In particular, we will see that the Epistle of James displays a high Christology within a Jewish Christian context prior to the fall of Jerusalem in AD 70, and plausibly as early as the mid 40's AD.


Drawing It All Together
John Kirkpatrick

This session will feature a time of open discussion among participants and speakers about the themes and issues presented during the Network programme.

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